Chalky or Lighter Fabric
Q: Why does my garment look lighter or chalky around the neck, armpits or elsewhere?
A: When areas look like they have lost color and the reverse side of the fabric in the discolored areas show no evidence of color loss, it is often due to fabric “chafing”. Repeated rubbing from simple wear or from trying to self-remove a stain, will abrade the dye and break the surface fibers altering the light reflection. In some cases, a professional dry cleaner can improve the chafing by a special mineral oil bath process.
Holes in Silk Garments
Q: What caused the hole or tear in my new silk garment?
A: In many cases, this damage is caused by contact with a liquid that contains chemicals which deteriorates silk. The biggest culprit is chloride salts which are found in perspiration, deodorants, foods and skin lotions. When the solution dries, the moisture evaporates out, but the salt residue remains in the fabric and begins to break down the silk. Do NOT rub the stain! Immediate removal after contact is the only remedy, so point out the stain to your dry cleaner and have the garment cleaned immediately.
Fuzzy or Faded Workout Clothing
Q: Why do my favorite workout pants appear fuzzy or faded?
A: Fabrics such as spandex, Lycra and other trade name fabrics break down after a certain period of time. Although there is no way to prevent this problem, good manufacturers will make sure that following the care instructions will get the longest life out of the clothing. Unfortunately, faded, stretched, or damaged spandex or similar materials (even if just a blend in the fabric) cannot be restored.
Bleach Spots on Garment
Q: Why does it look like my garment has bleach spots on it?
A: This type of color loss is caused by contact with a solution containing some type of oxidizing chemical—such as those contained in many household cleaning and disinfectant products. This causes a stain, and often color loss isn’t apparent until after the stain is removed. Drying or steam pressing will accelerate the action of the residue in the fabric; thus, the dye damage becomes more noticeable after any care process. It is important to note that dry cleaning and professional laundering are both total immersion processes and do not cause this type of color damage.